The Simple Past – Theory

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Lesson Attachments

Have a look at this example. 

Mozart was an Austrian musician and composer. He lived from 1756 to 1791. He started composing at the age of five and wrote more than 600 pieces of music. He was only 35 years old when he died.

The words in blue italic are in the simple past. 

We use the simple past when an action is completed. 

Regular verbs, when used in the simple past, end in -ed. 

  • I work in a travel agency now.  Before that, I worked in a shoe shop.
  • We invited them to our party, but they decided not to come.
  • The police stopped me on my way home last night. 
  • Laura passed her exam because she studied very hard. 

For irregular verbs : sorry, you need to memorise them.

Forming the simple past with questions and negatives. 

Here, you need to use the verb did / didn’t followed by the infinitive.

I enjoyed the film.
Did you enjoy the film?
I didn’t enjoy the film.

She saw the movie actor.
Did she see the movie actor?
She didn’t see the movie actor.

They went to the cinema.
Did they go to the cinema?
They didn’t go to the cinema.

The simple past tense of to be is was/were.

I was angry because they were late.
Was the weather good in France?
We weren’t able to come because we were busy.
Did you go out for the evening or were you too tired?